发信人: WCNMLGB (CCC), 信区: Military [删除]
标 题: 香港国安法出台在即，西媒港汕都一片哀嚎
发信站: BBS 未名空间站 (Thu May 21 14:29:12 2020, 美东)
'This is the end of Hong Kong': China pushes controversial security laws
Proposed legislation would effectively end one country, two systems status,
17:45 UTC Thursday, 21 May 2020
China plans to push through sweeping national security laws for Hong Kong at
its annual meeting of parliament, in a move that critics say will
effectively end the territory’s autonomy.
Beijing has been making it clear it wants new security legislation passed
since huge pro-democracy protests last year plunged Hong Kong into its
deepest turmoil since it returned to Chinese rule in 1997.
“National security is the bedrock underpinning the stability of the country
,” said Zhang Yesui, spokesman for the National People’s Congress (NPC),
the annual meeting of parliament that kicks off its full session on Friday.
Zhang announced that delegates at the NPC – a largely rubber-stamping
exercise – would “establish and improve a legal framework and mechanism
for safeguarding national security” in Hong Kong.
Condemnation of the proposal was swift, amid fears it could erase the “one
country, two systems” framework that is supposed to grant the territory a
high degree of autonomy.
“This is the end of Hong Kong,” said the pro-democracy Honk Kong
legislator Dennis Kwok. “Beijing, the Central People’s Government, has
completely breached its promise to the Hong Kong people ... They are
completely walking back on their obligation.”
Article 23 of Hong Kong’s mini-constitution, the Basic Law, says the city
must enact national security laws to prohibit “treason, secession, sedition
[and] subversion” against the Chinese government.
But the clause has never been implemented due to deeply held public fears it
would curtail Hong Kong’s cherished rights, such as freedom of expression.
An attempt to enact article 23 in 2003 was shelved after half a million
people took to the streets in protest.
'What better time than now?' Fears China will use crises to cement grip on
By passing a law in the NPC, Chinese authorities will effectively bypass
Zhang said details of the proposal would be announced at NPC proceedings on
Friday. The resolution is likely to be passed by China’s parliament next
The announcement came as anti-government protests that have overwhelmed Hong
Kong since last June approach their one-year anniversary. In recent months
the protests have been paused as a result of the coronavirus pandemic and
much of the world has been distracted. In the meantime Beijing has appeared
more determined to definitively quell the demonstrations.
Critics say the measure severely undermines Hong Kong’s legal framework,
established under the terms of the former British colony’s handover to
Chinese control in 1997. Under its Basic Law, Hong Kong is meant to enact
security legislation on its own. “This spells the beginning of the end of
Hong Kong under ‘one country, two systems’,” said Kenneth Chan, a
political scientist at the Baptist University of Hong Kong.
“It would mean also communist-style political struggles have trumped the
rule of law and a dagger that has stabbed into the heart of the city’s
liberal foundations,” he said.
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“This is an expedient way to control Hong Kong,” said Johnny Lau, veteran
China watcher and former journalist at the pro-China Wen Wei Po.
Legal observers and human rights advocates worry the law will be used to
target critics of the central government. Over the last year, Hong Kong and
Chinese authorities have often described demonstrators as terrorists.
“The obvious worry is that in China, we have seen ‘national security’, as
well as related concepts like ‘counter-terrorism’, being used as an
excuse for all sorts of human rights abuses, including the arbitrary arrest
and imprisonment of dissidents, activists and human rights lawyers,” said
Wilson Leung, a Hong Kong barrister who is part of the Progressive Lawyers
According to legal experts, Chinese lawmakers may be able to enforce the law
in Hong Kong through a provision, article 18, of the Basic Law that allows
certain national laws in mainland China to be applied in Hong Kong, either
through declaration or local legislation.
Martin Lee, the founder of the Democratic Party and a senior barrister who
helped draft the Basic Law, said he insisted on the language in the document
that “Hong Kong shall legislate on its own” national security laws.
“This is a blatant breach of their promise, they have reversed things
completely,” he said. “This is the wrong procedure.”
He said the article 18 provision should apply to national laws only, not
laws that specifically relate to Hong Kong. “If this precedent is set, then
there is no need for [Hong Kong’s] legislative council,” he said.
Eric Cheung, the director of clinical legal education of the faculty of law
at the University of Hong Kong, said: “The problem here is that if they
want to do it, of course they can do it in any way they want to. The reality
is that we are powerless.”
As China’s most important political event opens this week, after almost
three months of delay, there are other signs of measures to stop the
protests in Hong Kong. At the opening of the Chinese People’s Political
Consultative Conference on Thursday, Wang Yang, the head of the political
advisory body, said the party supported strengthening the ability of its
members in Hong Kong to “speak out, stop chaos, and reinstate order”.
Still, demonstrators, who have begun to take to the streets again, appeared
more determined to pursue their demands.
“At this time last year, didn’t we believe that the extradition law was
sure to pass? Hong Kongers have always created miracles,” Nathan Law, a pro
-democracy activist, wrote on Facebook.
“People will continue to protest on streets,” tweeted Joshua Wong, an
activist and former student leader during the 2014 protest movement. “Hong
Kongers will not be scared off.”
Additional reporting by *Lillian Yang*
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